ORGANIC PROVISIONS IN THE 2002 FARM BILL
HR 2646 -- PL 107-171
SEC. 7218. ORGANIC AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND EXTENSION INITIATIVE.
Section 1672B of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5925b) is amended--
(1) in subsection (a)--
(A) in paragraph (1), by inserting `, breeding,' after `production';
(B) in paragraph (2), by striking `and' at the end;
(C) in paragraph (3), by striking the period at the end and inserting a semicolon; and
(D) by adding at the end the following:
`(4) determining desirable traits for organic commodities;
`(5) identifying marketing and policy constraints on the expansion of organic agriculture; and
`(6) conducting advanced on-farm research and development that emphasizes observation of, experimentation with, and innovation for working organic farms, including research relating to production and marketing and to socioeconomic conditions.'; and
(2) by amending subsection (e) to read as follows:
`(e) FUNDING- On October 1, 2003, and each October 1 thereafter through October 1, 2007, out of any funds in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, the Secretary of the Treasury shall transfer $3,000,000 to the Secretary of Agriculture for this section.'.
SEC. 7407. ORGANIC PRODUCTION AND MARKET DATA INITIATIVES.
The Secretary shall ensure that segregated data on the production and marketing of organic agricultural products is included in the ongoing baseline of data collection regarding agricultural production and marketing.
SEC. 7408. INTERNATIONAL ORGANIC RESEARCH COLLABORATION.
The Secretary, acting through the Agricultural Research Service (including the National Agricultural Library) and the Economic Research Service, shall facilitate access by research and extension professionals, farmers, and other interested persons in the United States to, and the use by those persons of, organic research conducted outside the United States.
SEC. 7409. REPORT ON PRODUCERS AND HANDLERS OF ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS.
Not later than 1 year after funds are made available to carry out this section, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report that--
(A) the extent to which producers and handlers of organic agricultural products are contributing to research and promotion programs of the Department;
(B) the extent to which producers and handlers of organic agricultural products are surveyed for ideas for research and promotion;
(C) ways in which the programs reflect the contributions made by producers and handlers of organic agricultural products and directly benefit the producers and handlers; and
(D) the implementation of initiatives that directly benefit organic producers and handlers; and
(2) evaluates industry and other proposals for improving the treatment of certified organic agricultural products under Federal marketing orders, including proposals to target additional resources for research and promotion of organic products and to differentiate between certified organic and other products in new or existing volume limitations or other orderly marketing requirements.
SEC. 10606. NATIONAL ORGANIC CERTIFICATION COST-SHARE PROGRAM.
(a) IN GENERAL- Of funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation, the Secretary of Agriculture (acting through the Agricultural Marketing Service) shall use $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2002, to remain available until expended, to establish a national organic certification cost-share program to assist producers and handlers of agricultural products in obtaining certification under the national organic production program established under the Organic Foods Production Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 6501 et seq.).
(b) FEDERAL SHARE-
(1) IN GENERAL- Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary shall pay under this section not more than 75 percent of the costs incurred by a producer or handler in obtaining certification under the national organic production program, as certified to and approved by the Secretary.
(2) MAXIMUM AMOUNT- The maximum amount of a payment made to a producer or handler under this section shall be $500.
SEC. 10607. EXEMPTION OF CERTIFIED ORGANIC PRODUCTS FROM ASSESSMENTS.
(a) IN GENERAL- Section 501 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7401) is amended by adding at the end the following:
`(e) EXEMPTION OF CERTIFIED ORGANIC PRODUCTS FROM ASSESSMENTS-
`(1) IN GENERAL- Notwithstanding any provision of a commodity promotion law, a person that produces and markets solely 100 percent organic products, and that does not produce any conventional or nonorganic products, shall be exempt from the payment of an assessment under a commodity promotion law with respect to any agricultural commodity that is produced on a certified organic farm (as defined in section 2103 of the Organic Foods Production Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 6502)).
`(2) REGULATIONS- Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this subsection, the Secretary shall promulgate regulations concerning eligibility and compliance for an exemption under paragraph (1).'.
(b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS- Section 501(a) of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7401(a)) is amended--
(1) in paragraph (17), by striking `or';
(2) in paragraph (18), by striking the period and inserting `; or'; and
(3) by adding at the end the following:`(19) any other provision of law enacted after April 4, 1996, that provides for the establishment and operation of a promotion program described in the first sentence.'.